Gender differences in predictors of anticipated divisions of household labor in Christian students
Gender performance theory suggests the division of household labor is determined by threats to individuals' gender identity. This study explores gender identity threat among college students' expected division of household labor and whether sanctification of one's anticipated division of household labor moderates the relationship between gender identity threat and expected division of household labor. A sample of 126 participants was recruited from a Christian liberal arts university, 48 men and 78 women ranging in age from 18 to 36. Analyses indicated that gender identity threat led to a greater emphasis on stereotypically feminine tasks. Secondly, sanctification moderated the relationship between gender identity threat and expected division of household labor for men. Men who endorsed higher levels of sanctification of the division of household labor expected to divide household labor in a more traditional manner when their gender identity was threatened than when it was not threatened; the opposite pattern was true of men with low levels of sanctification. Although sanctification of the division of household labor was not a significant moderator for women, sanctification and gender identity threat together were found to significantly influence expected division of household labor, with greater sanctification related to more traditional anticipated division of labor.
Gender identity; Chores;
Journal of Psychology and Christianity
Anderson, Tamara Lynn and Hall, M. Elizabeth Lewis, "Gender differences in predictors of anticipated divisions of household labor in Christian students" (2014). Faculty Articles & Research. 10.