Relation of molecular structure to Franck-Condon bands in the visible-light absorption spectra of symmetric cationic cyanine dyes
School of Science Technology and Health
A Franck-Condon (FC) model is used to study the solution-phase absorbance spectra of a series of seven symmetric cyanine dyes having between 22 and 77 atoms. Electronic transition energies were obtained from routine visible-light absorbance and fluorescence emission spectra. Harmonic normal modes were computed using density functional theory (DFT) and a polarizable continuum solvent model (PCM), with frequencies corrected using measured mid-infrared spectra. The model predicts the relative energies of the two major vibronic bands to within 5% and 11%, respectively, and also reproduces structure-specific differences in vibronic band shapes. The bands themselves result from excitation of two distinct subsets of normal modes, one with frequencies between 150 and 625cm(-1), and the other between 850 and 1480cm(-1). Vibronic transitions excite symmetric in-plane bending of the polymethine chain, in-plane bends of the polymethine and aromatic C-H bonds, torsions and deformations of N-alkyl substituents, and in the case of the indocyanines, in-plane deformations of the indole rings. For two dyes, the model predicts vibronic coupling into symmetry-breaking torsions associated with trans-cis photoisomerization.
Absorbance; Cyanine; FCClasses; Franck–Condon; TDDFT.
Spectrochimica Acta Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
DOI of Published Version
Silzel, John, "Relation of molecular structure to Franck-Condon bands in the visible-light absorption spectra of symmetric cationic cyanine dyes" (2015). Faculty Articles & Research. 567.