Trajectories of Religious/Spiritual Struggles Between Years 1 and 2 of College: The Predictive Role of Religious Belief Salience
Rosemead School of Psychology
Religious and spiritual (r/s) struggles involve tensions, conflicts, and strains pertaining to r/s life. This research examined whether broad measures of religiousness predicted differences in the development and resolution of struggles over one year in a sample of undergraduates (N = 451) from three U.S. universities: secular public (n = 146), secular private (n = 126), and faith-based Christian (n = 179). Latent class growth analyses indicated four distinct trajectories of change in struggles. One group reported consistently low levels of struggles (n = 298, 66% of total sample); another developed struggles over a one-year period (n = 100, 22%); a third reported high levels of struggles during both years (n = 19, 4%); and the final group reported resolving their struggles over one year (n = 34, 8%). Penalized multinomial logistic regressions indicated that religious belief salience predicted the development of struggles longitudinally. We discuss the implications of these findings.
International Journal for the Psychology of Religion
DOI of Published Version
Hall, Todd W., "Trajectories of Religious/Spiritual Struggles Between Years 1 and 2 of College: The Predictive Role of Religious Belief Salience" (2017). Faculty Articles & Research. 531.