ULTIMATE QUESTION OF ORIGINS: GOD AND THE BEGINNING OF THE UNIVERSE
Talbot School of Theology
- Both cosmology and philosophy trace their roots to the wonder felt by the ancient Greeks as they contemplated the universe. The ultimate question remains why the universe exists rather than nothing. This question led Leibniz to postulate the existence of a metaphysically necessary being, which he identified as God. Leibnizʼs critics, however, disputed this identification, claiming that the space-time universe itself may be the metaphysically necessary being. The discovery during this century that the universe began to exist, however, calls into question the universeʼs status as metaphysically necessary, since any necessary being must be eternal in its existence. Although various cosmogonic models claiming to avert the beginning of the universe predicted by the standard model have been and continue to be offered, no model involving an eternal universe has proved as plausible as the standard model. Unless we are to assert that the universe simply sprang into being uncaused out of nothing, we are thus led to Leibnizʼs conclusion. Several objections to inferring a supernatural cause of the origin of the universe are considered and found to be unsound.
Universe; Cosmology; Origins
Astrophysics and Space Science
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Craig, William Lane, "ULTIMATE QUESTION OF ORIGINS: GOD AND THE BEGINNING OF THE UNIVERSE" (1999). Faculty Articles & Research. 662.