Eternal present and Stump-Kretzmann eternity
Talbot School of Theology
A classic difficulty of the conception of divine eternity as timelessness is that it seems impossible for an atemporal deity to be causally active in the world. Stump and Kretzmann, in their seminal article "Eternity," claimed to be able to resolve this problem by formulating a new species of simultaneity, viz., eternal-temporal simultaneity. Although their proposal has received extensive criticism, little has been said concerning the notion of the "eternal present" which underlies their analysis. It is argued that apart from construing divine eternity as a sort of embedding hyper-time, it does not seem possible to make sense of Stump and Kretzmann's description of the eternal present.
American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly,
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Craig, William Lane, "Eternal present and Stump-Kretzmann eternity" (1999). Faculty Articles & Research. 663.